About Kakum National Park
The Kakum Conservation Area was legally gazetted as a National Park and Resource Reserve in 1992 under the Wildlife Reserves Regulations (Ll 1525) under the administrative jurisdiction of the Wildlife Division of the Forestry Commission of Ghana).
The Kakum National Park is generally flat with only a few undulating highlands ranging between 150-250m above sea level. Most of the hills occur in the south-western portion rising up to 250m. The Assin Attandanso Resource Reserve is generally flat with hills ranging from 120-150m above sea level.
It is classified as tropical moist semi-deciduous forest and a continuation of tropical moist evergreen forest found in Western Ghana. The area is significant as a relic of the fast disappearing tropical rainforest of the West Coast of Africa.
The major drainage of the Kakum Conservation Area consists of the Kakum, Nemini, Nchemna rivers which flow out to the south-east towards the sea and Obuo, Sukuma, Panim Bosumfuo and Afia rivers flowing to the west into the Pra river. Other rivers include Ajuesu and Aduasu to the East and Benebe, Aboabo, Ongwa and Abogbo to the North. The Kakum River is a major source of water for Cape Coast and its environs.
The area experiences a two-peak rainy season. The major peak is between May to July and the minor falling between September’ to December, separated by a short dry period in August. The wet season is followed by a long dry season from January to April during which most streams dry up and rivers break into pools. The mean annual rainfall is between 1,500mm and 1,750mm. The prevailing winds are south-westerly and are generally light. The average relative humidity is about 85% with temperatures averaging about 25°c.
The main objectives of the conservation area are:
- To actively protect and conserve all natural resources and aesthetic features in the Park, and maintain them as an example of a tropical rainforest ecosystem
- To harness the park’s potential for tourism and sustainably develop it based on recreational, educational and aesthetic appeal
- To integrate the park into the district and regional development process, especially into that of the surrounding communities to ensure their cooperation.