Kakum Conservation Area, a wildlife protected area is located in the Central Region of the Republic of Ghana, West Africa. It is approximately 35km north of Cape Coast, the regional capital. The conservation area which covers 360km consists of Kakum National Park and Assin Attandanso Resource Reserve.
The area falls within Assin South and Twifo Lower Denkyira Districts and traditionally under the Twifo, Assin, Denkyera and Fanti (Abakrampa) people of the Central Region. Subsistence and commercial types of agriculture are the predominant activities in the communities surrounding the two reserves.
It is classified as tropical moist semi-deciduous forest and a continuation of tropical moist evergreen forest found in Western Ghana. The area is significant as a relic of the fast disappearing tropical rainforest of the West Coast of Africa.
The major drainage of the Kakum Conservation Area consists of the Kakum, Nemini, Nchemna rivers which flow out to the south-east towards the sea and Obuo, Sukuma, Panim Bosumfuo and Afia rivers flowing to the west into the Pra river. Other rivers include Ajuesu and Aduasu to the East and Benebe, Aboabo, Ongwa and Abogbo to the North. The Kakum River is a major source of water for Cape Coast and its environs.
The Kakum National Park is generally flat with only a few undulating highlands ranging between 150-250m above sea level. Most of the hills occur in the south-western portion rising up to 250m. The Assin Attandanso Resource Reserve is generally flat with hills ranging from 120-150m above sea level.
The area experiences a two-peak rainy seasons. The major peak season is between May and July and the minor falling between September and December, separated by a short dry period in August. The wet season is followed by a long dry season from January to April during which most streams dry up and rivers break into pools. The mean annual rainfall is between 1,500mm and 1,750mm. The prevailing winds are south-westerly and are generally light. The average relative humidity is about 85% with temperatures averaging about 25°c.